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Always keep the person with dementia at the center of the care process. He or she must be respected and treated with dignity. Allow the person to make decisions about care whenever possible.
Good care includes ensuring safety and meeting basic needs but it also means the person should be involved in making decisions about their own care to the greatest extent possible.
Recognizing a person means knowing that person's history and special preferences. Personal Facts (PDF format)
Caregivers want to treat a whole person, not a patient. Let them know about the person's place of birth, childhood memories, family history, favorite hobbies, occupation, and morning or evening routines.
Care providers need to meet the special needs of individuals with dementia.
When you look for a care provider, ask about special training in dementia care. Find out how care providers are supervised and supported in their daily work.
Giving good care depends on understanding an individual's behavior and communication.
People with dementia may be unable to speak. So, their feelings and behaviors may speak for them. Care providers should try to understand a behavior's cause and consider the best solution.
The best environment makes a person feel independent and safe.
A good long-term care facility should feel comfortable and homelike. Feeling at home offers privacy. It also provides times to meet with other residents and family members. A homelike place offers residents choices, such as what activities to do and the chance to go outside safely.
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Alzheimer's Association Recommendations for Nursing Homes and Assisted Living
Building on our tradition of advocacy to improve the quality of life for people with dementia, the Alzheimer’s Association launched the Campaign for Quality Residential Care to improve the quality of care for residents with dementia in assisted living and nursing homes. In each care area, we set goals.
Not eating enough or eating an unhealthy diet can worsen a resident's health. Our goals for nutrition are to:
People with dementia may suffer unnecessary pain because they can't always say that they hurt. Our goals for pain management are to:
Enjoying meaningful activities is part of good dementia care. Activities help residents stay active and feel happier. Our goals for social engagement are to:
Many of us assume that wandering is something that should be stopped, when in fact it is important to support a personís movement. Our goals are to:
People with dementia are at increased risk for falls for a variety of reasons. Our goals are to:
- Promote safety and mobility
- Avoid physical restraints
Many falls are preventable. Look for hazards such as improper footwear, muscle weakness or lack of physical activity, poor lighting, clutter and uneven flooring such as throw rugs.
A physical restraint is any method or device that restricts a personís freedom of movement or access to his or her body and which the person cannot remove easily. Our goals are to:
End of life care
Good end of life care meets a personís changing needs and respects his or her preferences regarding end of life care. Our goals are to:
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