We need action by our policymakers to address current and future needs.
Kentucky and Indiana's Growing Alzheimer’s Prevalence
• Today there are over 80,000 Kentuckians with Alzheimer’s disease. • This number will climb to 97,000 Kentuckians by 2025, and to 120,610 by 2030. • Today there are over 120,000 Indiana residents with Alzheimer’s disease. • This number will climb to 130,000 Hoosiers by 2025. • The odds of developing Alzheimer’s disease double every 5 years beyond the age of 65. • There are approximately 500,000 Americans under age 65 who have Alzheimer’s or another dementia. • One of every 8 baby boomers will develop Alzheimer’s, and 1 in 6 will develop dementia. • Every 68 seconds someone in the United States develops Alzheimer’s; by mid-century, an American will develop the disease every 33 seconds. • Older African Americans are two times, and older Hispanics are one and a half times, more likely than whites to have Alzheimer’s or other dementia. • More than half of all Americans now know someone with Alzheimer’s. • 30% of Americans have a family member with Alzheimer’s. • With people living longer, the number with Alzheimer’s is expected to triple by the year 2050. • 10 million American women either had Alzheimer’s disease or were caring for someone with Alzheimer’s disease in the year 2010. • Two-thirds of persons with Alzheimer’s disease are women.
Family Caregiving • There are 320,477 Alzheimer’s disease and dementia family caregivers in Indiana. There are 260,815 Alzheimer’s disease and dementia family caregivers in Kentucky. • 70 percent of people with Alzheimer’s live at home, cared for by family and friends. • 60% of Alzheimer’s caregivers are women. • Half of women caring for someone with Alzheimer’s are providing more than 40 hours a week of care. A third of women caregivers care for their loved one 24/7. • 800,000 Americans with Alzheimer's diseasse and other dimentias live alone. They are at increased risk of falls, self neglect, unattended wandering, and premature entry into nursing homes. • A quarter-million American children 8 to 18 years old are providing care for a loved one with Alzheimer’s or another form of dementia. • There are between 1 and 1.6 million “long-distance caregivers” in the United States. About 1 million of these caregivers live more than two hours away from their loved ones.
Mortality • Alzheimer’s disease is the 6th leading cause of death in the U.S. and the 5th leading cause of death for those over age 65. • In Indiana, there were 1,971 deaths due to Alzheimer’s disease in 2008. • In Kentucky, there were 1,370 deaths due to Alzheimer's disease in 2008. • Nationally, while the total number of deaths attributed to other major causes of deaths have been decreasing, those due to Alzheimer’s have been increasing. (For example, between 2000 and 2008, deaths due to AD increased 66 percent, while those attributed to the number one cause of death, heart disease, decreased 13 percent, and deaths due to stroke, decreased 20% and to prostate cancer by 8%.)
Care • 64% of Indiana nursing home residents have cognitive impairment. • 66% of Kentucky nursing home residents have cognitive impairment. • Only a small number of nursing homes and assisted living residences provide special care units for persons with dementia • An individual with Alzheimer’s disease will live an average of 8 years and as many as 20 years or more from the onset of symptoms. • 60% of individuals with Alzheimer’s will wander, become lost and not be able to return home. • Individuals in long-term facility care often use up all their own resources and turn to Medicaid for assistance.